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Category Moral Theology

Obstacles to Consent (MT #12)

The obstacles to consent are all those factors that take away or lessen the voluntariness of an act. Thus, the actual obstacles that affect the intellect are reduced to ignorance, spoken of above; those that affect the will are passion… Continue Reading →

Kinds of Voluntary Acts (MT #11)

A voluntary act is free or necessary, according as one can or cannot abstain from it. The vision of God in heaven is voluntary to the blessed, since they look at Him knowingly and gladly; but it is not free,… Continue Reading →

Knowledge Requisite for a Human Act (MT #10)

Knowledge Requisite for a Human Act An act is human, or voluntary, when it is deliberately desired; and, since nothing can be deliberately desired unless it is known, an act done without knowledge is not human or voluntary. Thus, a… Continue Reading →

Acts as Human (MT #9)

(Summa Theologica, I-II, qq. 6-17.) Human acts are a means to man’s Last End, inasmuch as they are meritorious: Labors that deserve a recompense (I Cor., iii. 8) Struggles that deserve a crown (II Tim., ii. 5). But works are… Continue Reading →

Article 1: The Last End of Man (MT #8)

(Summa Theologica, I-II, qq. 1-5; Contra Gentes, IV, cc. 1-63.) Existence of the Last End Every deliberate act proceeds from the will, and, since the will pursues good as its goal, it follows that every deliberate act is done for some… Continue Reading →

The Division and Order of Parts in Moral Theology (MT #7)

The arrangement of his matter made by St. Thomas Aquinas in the Summa Theologica is admittedly unsurpassed and unsurpassable in the qualities that good distribution should have, viz., clearness, connection between parts, completeness. Hence, we cannot do better than follow the order… Continue Reading →

The History of Moral Theology (MT #6)

There are three periods in the history of Moral Theology: the Patristic, the Medieval, and the Modern. The Patristic Period (1st to 12th century) The moral writings of the Fathers are popular, exhortatory, and occasional; and it is not till… Continue Reading →

The method to be followed in moral theology (MT #5)

Moral Theology is served not only by the various branches of philosophy such as: Ethics Theodicy Psychology Logic But also by many of the natural sciences. Thus: Medicine and Physiology are useful for understanding the morality and imputability of acts…. Continue Reading →

The Sources of Moral Theology (MT #4)

The Sources of Moral Theology, therefore, are: Holy scripture Tradition The decisions of Popes, Councils, and Congregations, Laws, etc. The authority of Doctors and theologians Natural reason. Holy scripture “All scripture, inspired by God, is profitable to teach, to reprove,… Continue Reading →

The Objects of Moral Theology (MT #3)

The central theme or object of Moral Theology, which is considered for its own sake and to which all else is secondary (objectum formale quod), is God as the supernatural End or Destiny of man. The secondary object (objectum materiale)… Continue Reading →

Introduction to Moral Theology (MT #2)

The following text comes from the book titled: Moral Theology A Complete Course Based on St. Thomas Aquinas and the Best Modern Authorities. This text is in the public domain, and we think our readers would benefit from the extracts… Continue Reading →

Treatise on Moral Theology (MT #1)

The following text is the preface of the book titled: Moral Theology A Complete Course Based on St. Thomas Aquinas and the Best Modern Authorities. This text is in the public domain, and we think our readers would benefit from… Continue Reading →

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